Different methods of accessing subversion (svn) repository

Different methods of accessing subversion (svn) repository

Introduction –

There are three different methods of accessing subversion repository…

1] Local filesystem or Network filesystem accessed by client directly
2] Apache HTTP using WebDAV module
3] svnserve tunneled over an SSH (svn + ssh)

First of all I am creating base directory for svn as “/var/repos_base”

root@arun:~# mkdir /var/repos_base
root@arun:~# ls -ld  /var/repos_base
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2006-12-26 16:32 /var/repos_base
root@arun:~#

How to get help ?

root@arun:~# svnadmin  help
root@arun:~# svn help
root@arun:~# svnlook  help
root@arun:~# svnsync  help
root@arun:~# svnversion  –help
root@arun:~# svnserve  –help

1] How to create svn repository ?

“svnadmin” command is used to perform adminitrative task in subversion. Like creating, taking dump, hotcopy, recovering & verifying subversion repository.

root@arun:~# svnadmin  create  /var/repos_base/myrepository

Here “/var/repos_base/myrepository” is the physical location of repository….

root@arun:~# ls -l /var/repos_base/myrepository/
total 28
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2006-12-26 16:34 conf
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2006-12-26 16:34 dav
drwxr-sr-x 5 root root 4096 2006-12-26 16:34 db
-r–r–r– 1 root root    2 2006-12-26 16:34 format
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2006-12-26 16:34 hooks
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2006-12-26 16:34 locks
-rw-r–r– 1 root root  229 2006-12-26 16:34 README.txt
root@arun:~#

2] How to create trunk , branches etc directories in svn repository ?

method (1) ~ Local filesystem

root@arun:~# svn  mkdir   file:///var/repos_base/myrepository/trunk/

Log message unchanged or not specified
a)bort, c)ontinue, e)dit
c

Committed revision 1.
root@arun:~# svn  mkdir   file:///var/repos_base/myrepository/branches

Log message unchanged or not specified
a)bort, c)ontinue, e)dit
c

Committed revision 2.
root@arun:~#

root@arun:~# svn  list   file:///var/repos_base/myrepository/
branches/
trunk/
root@arun:~#

method (2) ~ Apache HTTP using WebDAV module

arunsb@arun:~$ svn  mkdir    http://192.168.0.1/myrepository/trunk/

Log message unchanged or not specified
a)bort, c)ontinue, e)dit
c
Authentication realm: <http://192.168.0.1:80> || Welcome to Subversion Repository ||
Password for ‘arunsb’:

Committed revision 1.
arunsb@arun:~$ svn   mkdir    http://192.168.0.1/myrepository/branches/

Log message unchanged or not specified
a)bort, c)ontinue, e)dit
c

Committed revision 2.
arunsb@arun:~$ svn  list  http://192.168.0.1/myrepository/
branches/
trunk/
arunsb@arun:~$

method (3) ~ svnserve tunneled over an SSH (svn + ssh)

arunsb@arun:~$ svn mkdir  svn://192.168.0.1/myrepository/branches/

Log message unchanged or not specified
a)bort, c)ontinue, e)dit
c
Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.0.1:3690> ” || Welcome to Subversion Repository ||”
Password for ‘arunsb’:

Committed revision 1.
arunsb@arun:~$ svn mkdir  svn://192.168.0.1/myrepository/trunk/

Log message unchanged or not specified
a)bort, c)ontinue, e)dit
c

Committed revision 2.
arunsb@arun:~$ svn list  svn://192.168.0.1/myrepository/
branches/
trunk/
arunsb@arun:~$

3] How to import un-versioned data in svn ?

root@arun:~# ls -l  /root/source_code/
total 12
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root    3 2006-12-26 20:01 arun.html
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2119 2006-12-26 20:03 License
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   64 2006-12-26 20:01 my.pl
root@arun:~#

* I wanted to import this data….

method (1)

root@arun:~# svn import   /root/source_code/ file:///var/repos_base/myrepository/trunk/    -m “welcome to first import”
Adding         /root/source_code/my.pl
Adding         /root/source_code/License
Adding         /root/source_code/arun.html

Committed revision 3.
root@arun:~#

List the imported data from svn repository –

arunsb@arun:~$ svn list file:///var/repos_base/myrepository/trunk/
License
arun.html
my.pl
arunsb@arun:~$

method (2)

arunsb@arun:~$ svn import   /root/source_code/   http://192.168.0.1/myrepository/trunk/  -m “welcome to first import”
Authentication realm: <http://192.168.0.1:80> || Welcome to Subversion Repository ||
Password for ‘arunsb’:
Adding         /root/source_code/my.pl
Adding         /root/source_code/License
Adding         /root/source_code/arun.html

Committed revision 3.
arunsb@arun:~$

method (3)

arunsb@arun:~$ svn import   /root/source_code/   svn://192.168.0.1/myrepository/trunk/  -m “welcome to first import”
Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.0.1:3690> ” || Welcome to Subversion Repository ||”
Password for ‘arunsb’:
Adding         /root/source_code/my.pl
Adding         /root/source_code/License
Adding         /root/source_code/arun.html

Committed revision 3.
arunsb@arun:~$

4] How to check out the svn repository ?

method (1)

arunsb@arun:~$ svn checkout file:///var/repos_base/myrepository/trunk/  /home/arunsb/mysource_code/
A    /home/arunsb/mysource_code/my.pl
A    /home/arunsb/mysource_code/License
A    /home/arunsb/mysource_code/arun.html
Checked out revision 3.
arunsb@arun:~$

method (2)

arunsb@arun:~$ svn checkout   http://192.168.0.1/myrepository/trunk/   /home/arunsb/mysource_code/
Authentication realm: <http://192.168.0.1:80> || Welcome to Subversion Repository ||
Password for ‘arunsb’:
Checked out revision 2.
arunsb@arun:~$

method (3)

arunsb@arun:~$ svn co svn://192.168.0.1/myrepository/trunk/   /home/arunsb/mysource_code/
Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.0.1:3690> ” || Welcome to Subversion Repository ||”
Password for ‘arunsb’:
Checked out revision 2.
arunsb@arun:~$

* Now check checked out data…

arunsb@arun:~$ ls -l /home/arunsb/mysource_code/
total 12
-rwxr-xr-x 1 arunsb oinstall    3 2006-12-26 20:42 arun.html
-rw-r–r– 1 arunsb oinstall 2119 2006-12-26 20:42 License
-rwxr-xr-x 1 arunsb oinstall   64 2006-12-26 20:42 my.pl
arunsb@arun:~$

** Now go to “/home/arunsb/mysource_code/”

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ cd  /home/arunsb/mysource_code/
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ ls
arun.html  License  my.pl
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

* How to get information about svn repository –

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn info
Path: .
URL: file:///var/repos_base/myrepository/trunk
Repository Root: file:///var/repos_base/myrepository
Repository UUID: 361de285-9226-493b-aed7-a95619a457c0
Revision: 3
Node Kind: directory
Schedule: normal
Last Changed Author: root
Last Changed Rev: 3
Last Changed Date: 2006-12-26 20:38:14 +0530 (Fri, 26 Dec 2006)
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

4] How to commit data ?

Now create  new file “new_file.php” in modify the file…

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ touch  new_file.php
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ ls
arun.html  License  my.pl  new_file.php
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ vi new_file.php
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ mkdir  new_dir
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ ls
arun.html  License  my.pl  new_dir  new_file.php
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

* Now check the status… ‘?’ means file or directory NOT in svn repository

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn  status
?      new_dir
?      new_file.php
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

* Now add  newly created files and directories…

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn add  new_dir
A         new_dir
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn add  new_file.php
A         new_file.php
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

* Another method to add directory is…

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn mkdir new_dir2
A         new_dir2
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

* Now check the status… ‘A’ means data is modified

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn  status
A      new_dir
A      new_dir2
A      new_file.php
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

* commit modified to svn repository…

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn commit  -m “committing  data”
Adding         new_dir
Adding         new_dir2
Adding         new_file.php
Transmitting file data .
Committed revision 4.
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

5] How to check svn status (working copy) –

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn status
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn  status
A      new_dir
A      new_dir2
A      new_file.php
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

6] How to update svn working copy –

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn update
At revision 4.
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

* update working copy to specific revision….

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn update -r20

7] How to check  svn log (working copy) –

arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$ svn log
————————————————————————
r1 | arunsb | 2008-12-26 21:53:04 +0530 (Fri, 26 Dec 2006) | 1 line
————————————————————————
arunsb@arun:~/mysource_code$

Thank you,
Arun Bagul

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