How to create, copy and burn or write ISO image

How to create, copy and burn or write ISO image

Introduction –

An ISO 9660 is file system for CD-ROM media. Which is published (defined) by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ISO image is an archive file (disk image) of an optical disc (like CD) using a conventional ISO 9660 format that is widely supported by many OS and software.

1] How copy  data from ISO image –

I just downloaded opensolaris ISO  image. and wanted copy data from iso image.

step 1) I downloaded the image in /opensolaris  directory

root@arun:/opensolaris# ls -l
total 700768
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 716881920 2008-08-26 06:21 opensolaris-200805.iso
root@arun:/opensolaris#

step 2) mount the ISO image  as  shown below –

root@arun:/opensolaris# mount -o  loop  /opensolaris/opensolaris-200805.iso   /mnt/
root@arun:/opensolaris#

* Check mount point…

root@arun:/mnt# mount  | grep iso
/opensolaris/opensolaris-200805.iso on /mnt type iso9660 (rw,loop=/dev/loop0)
root@arun:/mnt#

step 3) Go to  mounted directory ie /mnt (in my case) –

root@arun:/opensolaris# cd /mnt/
root@arun:/mnt# ls
bin     boot  bootcd_microroot  COPYRIGHT  dev  devices  jack  LICENSE  mnt  platform  proc
reconfigure  root  solarismisc.zlib  solaris.zlib  system  tmp
root@arun:/mnt#

2] How to create ISO image –

a) using dd command  we can create iso image of CD

dd if=/dev/cdrom  of=/tmp/mycdimgage.iso

b) using mkisofs command we can create iso image of our data in any directories

** mkisofs command –

    -R, -rock                               Generate Rock Ridge directory information
    -o FILE, -output FILE             Set output ISO file name
    -l, -full-iso9660-filenames    Allow full 31 character filenames for ISO9660 names
    -max-iso9660-filenames      Allow 37 character filenames for ISO9660 names (violates ISO9660)
    -input-charset CHARSET      Local input character for file name conversion
    -output-charset CHARSET   Output character set for file name conversion

    root@arun:~# mkisofs  -input-charset utf-8  -R -o  /tmp/mycdimage.iso  /mnt/
    1.43% done, estimate finish Sun Oct 10 17:53:05 2008
    2.86% done, estimate finish Sun Oct 10 17:52:30 2008

    ….
    98.56% done, estimate finish Sun Oct 10 17:52:25 2008
    Total translation table size: 0
    Total rockridge attributes bytes: 22651
    Total directory bytes: 159744
    Path table size(bytes): 1024
    Max brk space used 21000
    350039 extents written (683 MB)
    root@arun:~#

    * checking the Size of ISO image of /mnt directory

    root@arun:~# du -sh /tmp/mycdimage.iso
    685M    /tmp/mycdimage.iso
    root@arun:~#

    3] How Burn (copy) ISO image to CD –

    cdrecord is the command line tool to burn or write  iso image file to CD

    ** cdrecord command –

      -v                       Verbose i.e show info while burning the disk
      -dev=0,0,0        Device number
      -multi                 Start multi session disk
      -data                  This option required for HP and Sony CD Writer only.
      -scanbus            scan the SCSI and IDE buses and exit
      -dummy             do everything with laser turned off
      -eject                  Ejects the CD when Done
      -speed=12                  Writing speed (12x )
      -msinfo                        retrieve multi-session info for genisoimage
      timeout=                     set the default SCSI command timeout to
      /tmp/mycdimage.iso   Name of iso image  which to be burned

      * How  to  get Device number ?

      root@arun:~# cdrecord -scanbus
      scsibus3:
      3,0,0   300) ‘MATSHITA’ ‘UJDA775 DVD/CDRW’ ‘1.00’ Removable CD-ROM
      ….
      root@arun:~#

      root@arun:~# cdrecord -dev=3,0,0 -multi -data -v -eject -speed=4 /tmp/mycdimage.iso

      NOTE – above device naming convention doesn’t work in Ubuntu use device  file directly…

      root@arun:~# cdrecord  -dev=/dev/cdrom  -multi -data -v -eject -speed=4 /tmp/mycdimage.iso

      TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
      scsidev: ‘/dev/cdrom’
      devname: ‘/dev/cdrom’
      scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
      Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
      Wodim version: 1.1.6

      ….
      communication breaks or freezes immediately after that.
      FIFO size      : 12582912 = 12288 KB
      Track 01: data     0 MB         padsize:  242 KB
      Total size:        0 MB (00:04.02) = 302 sectors
      Lout start:        1 MB (00:06/02) = 302 sectors

      root@arun:~#

      ** Hey, just mount the CD and see

      NOTE – Brasero CD burning (http://www.gnome.org/projects/brasero/) – GNOME tool for writing/burning CD is included in Ubuntu 8.04!!

      Thank you,
      Arun Bagul

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